SUNx Malta Climate Friendly Travel
Annual Report 2021
DASH-2-ZERO RESPONDING TO CODE RED

Published by SUNx Malta

This is the second annual Climate Friendly Travel Report”
Prepared by SUN Malta

SUNx Malta is an NGO created in 2019 by GGTI (Green Growth & Travelism Institute, Brussels) and Malta's Ministry for Tourism & Consumer Protection / Tourism Authority. It is a legacy for Maurice Strong, Climate and Sustainability trailblazer, half a century ago. Its 1st Annual Climate Friendly Travel (CFT) Ambition Report was launched on the sidelines of the September 2019 UN General Assembly and in conjunction with an inaugural Strong Climate Event. Its goal was to support the transformation to Tomorrow's Climate Economy by 2050.

Since then, it has become increasingly clear that the Climate Crisis is intensifying much faster than previously recognised and that the devastating floods, fires, hurricanes, and droughts of 2021 are a clear sign of the need for all human activity to be even more rapidly transformed to clean energy systems and resilience dramatically strengthened. A point underscored by the IPCC 6th Assessment Report issued in August 2021.

Travel & Tourism as a leading socio-economic driver will be at the forefront of the change and our concept of Climate Friendly Travel DASH-2-Zero can play an important role as a catalyst for rapid change and a conduit to the global UN led 2030/2050 Green and Clean Roadmap for Humanity. In developing DASH-2-ZERO, we have reflected:

  • Most recent science
  • Increasing weather disasters
  • Valid aspirations of youth advocates

  • We strongly believe this adds the "Precautionary Principle" to the Glasgow Tourism Climate Declaration - going further, faster - calling for Net Zero Carbon in 2030 and No Greenhouse Gases by 2050. We have also put in place support systems to help Tourism Stakeholders achieve climate resilience now and reduce emissions rapidly.

    SUNx Malta has also laid out its own Decade Vision, which targets 10,000 Registered Companies and 1000 Communities by 2030, as well as 100,000 Strong Climate Champions to support the transformation.

    This 2nd Report published in October 2021, identifies the challenges and opportunities contained in the intensifying SDG 2030 and Paris 2050 targets, against this DASH-2-Zero perspective.

    DASH-2-ZERO RESPONDING TO CODE RED

    DASH-2-Zero Responding to Code Red

    SUNx Malta has today issued its second annual report on Climate Friendly Travel ahead of the Glasgow COP 26 Climate Summit. SUNx is an EU-based NGO established as a legacy for climate and sustainability trailblazer, Maurice Strong. The SUNx Report calls for a DASH-2-Zero supporting the recent Glasgow Tourism Declaration. Based on curated research data, the Report shows the intensifying of climate driven global disasters and how this impacts the vital Travel & Tourism sector of the world economy   The Report also:   1. Endorses the Glasgow Tourism Declaration and urges a DASH-2-Zero to take the commitments made further and faster suggesting targets of net zero carbon dioxide emissions for 2030 and zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050   2. Calls for climate resilience now for Travel & Tourism activities, as well as clear emission reduction and sustainability plans, based on the science, the weather & demands of youth   3. Identifies a range of support services available to help companies and communities stay on track for a climate friendly travel future   4. Offers its Climate Friendly Travel Registry linked to the UN Global Climate Action Portal to help tourism stakeholders register climate and sustainability ambitions and show…

    Read more...

    DASH-2-Zero

    We are taking the high ground in support of science, focused on the next generation. Promoting Climate Friendly Travel-2-Zero - low carbon: SDG linked: Paris 1.5. But going further: faster. From Net Zero carbon 2030 to Zero GHG 2050. We call it our DASH-2-Zero initiative: Declare - Act - Support - Hope. We underpin this vision with concrete programs to help company and community change

    Climate Friendly Travel to Zero

    On World Environment Day, SUNx Malta announced its Climate Friendly Travel to Zero flagship initiative, aligned with the UN Race to Zero. Based on the latest science, a 2050 target of Zero Greenhouse Gas (GHG) is the minimum ultimately needed to beat the existential Climate Crisis. By advocating a Zero GHG 2050 target we take the direct line to the UN Paris 1.5 goal. Starting now.

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    Report References

    LIST of Reports/sources Consulted for 2021 CFT Annual Ambitions Report

    UN

    WMO – state of the global climate 2020

    https://public.wmo.int/en/our-mandate/climate/wmo-statement-state-of-global-climate

    UNEP - Emissions Gap Report

    https://www.unep.org/emissions-gap-report-2020

    Global Methane assessment

    https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/35917/GMA_ES.pdf

    Production Gap Report

    https://productiongap.org/2020report/

    IPCC

    https://www.ipcc.ch/

    IPCC SR1.5°C 

    https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/

    IPCC 6th Assessement Report

    The Working Group I report Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. The Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) as well as additional materials and information https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/

    Countries climate plans

    https://climateactiontracker.org/

    https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/the-paris-agreement/nationally-determined-contributions-ndcs/nationally-determined-contributions-ndcs/ndc-synthesis-report

     

    USA commitments

    https://joebiden.com/climate-plan/

    https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-officially-rejoins-the-paris-agreement/

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/04/22/fact-sheet-president-biden-sets-2030-greenhouse-gas-pollution-reduction-target-aimed-at-creating-good-paying-union-jobs-and-securing-u-s-leadership-on-clean-energy-technologies/

    https://joebiden.com/clean-energy/

    European Union commitments

    https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/eu-climate-action/2030_ctp_en

    China commitments

    https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/t1817098.shtml

    G7 commitments

    https://www.g7uk.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Carbis-Bay-G7-Summit-Communique-PDF-430KB-25-pages-5.pdf

    EPA

    https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions

    NOAA Global Climate Report

    https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/202013

    NASA Global Climate

    https://climate.nasa.gov/

    CO2 records

    https://www.co2.earth/

    http://www.sealevel.info/co2.html

    GHG emissions data

    https://ourworldindata.org/greenhouse-gas-emissions

    https://www.wri.org/insights/4-charts-explain-greenhouse-gas-emissions-countries-and-sectors

    https://www.climatewatchdata.org/

    https://www.wri.org/insights/interactive-chart-shows-changes-worlds-top-10-emitters

    IEA - https://www.iea.org/

    https://www.iea.org/reports/net-zero-by-2050

    https://www.iea.org/reports/world-energy-outlook-2020

    https://www.iea.org/reports/global-energy-review-2021/co2-emissions

    OECD -

    https://www.oecd.org/env/indicators-modelling-outlooks/oecdenvironmentaloutlookto2050theconsequencesofinaction-keyfactsandfigures.htm

    Carney Taskforce on scaling voluntary markets

    https://www.iif.com/Portals/1/Files/TSVCM_Report.pdf

    https://www.iif.com/Portals/1/Files/TSVCM_Summary.pdf

    ICAO

    https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/CORSIA-News.aspx

    IMO

    https://www.imo.org/en/MediaCentre/HotTopics/Pages/Reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-ships.aspx

    https://wwwcdn.imo.org/localresources/en/OurWork/Environment/Documents/Fourth IMO GHG Study 2020 Executive-Summary.pdf

    Aviation commitments

    https://eturbonews.com/3001830/the-age-of-zero-emission-aviation-startups/

    https://www.sustainable.aero/mapping-sustainable-aviation-startups

    Airbus/Boeing/Oneworld

    https://www.airbus.com/company/sustainability/environment/climate-change/decarbonisation.html

    https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-boeing-biofuels-idINKBN29R2CP

    https://www.oneworld.com/news/2020-09-11-oneworld-member-airlines-commit-to-net-zero-carbon-emissions-by-2050

    Mckinsey Climate risk & response

    https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/business functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-full-report-vf.pdf

    https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/business functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf

    Antarctic melting

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/04/210430165912.htm

    G20 subsidies for Fossil fuels post pandemic

    https://www.climate-transparency.org/g20-climate-performance/the-climate-transparency-report-2020 - 1531904263713-04b62b8d-e708

    Norway EV  2025 policy

    https://elbil.no/english/norwegian-ev-policy/

    KPMG - Beyond Covid- 19: Rise of Domestic travel and tourism in Australia

    https://home.kpmg/au/en/home/insights/2020/12/beyond-covid-19-rise-of-domestic-travel-tourism-australia.html

    ITF Transport Outlook 2021

    https://www.itf-oecd.org/itf-transport-outlook-2021

    https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/55d4f157-en/index.html?itemId=/content/component/55d4f157-en

     

    References for 2021 CFT Annual report statements

         Global Events

    ¬ US re-joins Paris Climate Agreement - Targets Net Carbon Zero 2050

    https://news.climate.columbia.edu/2021/02/04/u-s-rejoins-paris-agreement/

    https://www.state.gov/the-united-states-officially-rejoins-the-paris-agreement/

    https://joebiden.com/climate-plan/

    ¬ EU Green Deal for 55% CO2 Reduction by 2030  & Net GHG Zero 2050

    https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/eu-climate-action/2030_ctp_en

    https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/eu/

    ¬ China commits to peak emissions by 2030, with Net Carbon Zero 2060

    https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/t1817098.shtml

    https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/china/

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/22/china-pledges-to-reach-carbon-neutrality-before-2060

    ¬ G7 commits to Net Zero

    https://www.g7uk.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Carbis-Bay-G7-Summit-Communique-PDF-430KB-25-pages-5.pdf

    https://energymonitor.ai/policy/net-zero-policy/how-far-along-are-the-g7-nations-in-their-journeys-to-net-zero

    ¬ Dutch Government Court conviction for failing to deliver on Climate targets

    https://uitspraken.rechtspraak.nl/inziendocument?id=ECLI:NL:RBDHA:2021:5339

    ¬ Rogue Climate Activist Directors elected to Exxon Board

    https://www.reuters.com/business/sustainable-business/shareholder-activism-reaches-milestone-exxon-board-vote-nears-end-2021-05-26/

    ¬ Carney Task Force calls for radically stronger financial Climate regulations

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jul/17/regulate-business-to-tackle-climate-crisis-urges-mark-carney

    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2021/01/27/carneys-carbon-offset-taskforce-ducks-environmental-integrity-questions/

    ¬ IPCC Assessment Report 6 – UNSG says a Code Red for Humanity

    • The Working Group I report Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis is the first instalment of the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report (AR6), which will be completed in 2022.

    The Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) as well as additional materials and information are available at https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/

    The report was based on input from 234 authors from 66 countries (31 coordinating authors, 167 lead authors, 36 review editors plus 517 contributing authors).

     

    ¬ July 2021 hottest month ever recorded in hottest year ever.

    NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Global Climate Report (NASA says 2019 july was slightly higher) But even more surprising due to La NIna global cooling event

    https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2021/08/july-2021-was-earths-warmest-month-in-recorded-history-says-noaa/

    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Climate Report for July 2021, published online August 2021, retrieved on August 20, 2021 from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/202107.

    ¬ Siberian wildfires bigger than all other global wildfires combined

    https://www.greenpeace.org/international/story/49171/russia-record-breaking-fires-siberia/

    ¬ ICAO CORSIA Carbon Offset & Reduction for International Aviation initiated

    https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/CORSIA-News.aspx

    https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/default.aspx

    ¬ Airbus & Boeing commit to non fossil-fuel propulsion post 2030

    https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-boeing-biofuels-idINKBN29R2CP

    https://www.airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/en/2020/09/airbus-reveals-new-zeroemission-concept-aircraft.html

    https://www.airbus.com/company/sustainability/environment/climate-change/decarbonisation.html

    ¬ One World first airline alliance to go Net Carbon Zero 2050 

    https://www.oneworld.com/news/2020-09-11-oneworld-member-airlines-commit-to-net-zero-carbon-emissions-by-2050

    https://www.oneworld.com/sustainability

    US Government & Airlines go for Net Zero Emissions 2050

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/09/09/fact-sheet-biden-administration-advances-the-future-of-sustainable-fuels-in-american-aviation/

    Climate research at a glance

    ¬ The planet warmed by 1.1°C since 1880. This is by far the highest rate of warming in the past 65 million years. In general, the land increased more, the oceans less, the arctic increased by more than 4°C.

    https://theconversation.com/the-arctic-hasnt-been-this-warm-for-3-million-years-and-that-foreshadows-big-changes-for-the-rest-of-the-planet-144544

    https://public.wmo.int/en/media/news/glacier-melt-and-arctic-change-affects-globe

    ¬ The year 2020 is tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, with wildfires, droughts, storms, and glacier melt intensifying.

    https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/2020-tied-for-warmest-year-on-record-nasa-analysis-shows

    https://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20210114b/

    ¬ Despite a brief dip in CO2 emissions due to COVID-19, the world is still heading for a temperature rise in excess of 3°C this century – far beyond the Paris Agreement goals of limiting global warming to well below 2°C and pursuing 1.5°C.

    https://www.unep.org/emissions-gap-report-2020

    ¬ Methane, one of the most potent greenhouse gases is at its highest atmospheric level in 800,000 years

    https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/key-greenhouse-gases-higher-than-any-time-over-last-800-000-years

    ¬ In North America, a majority -- 14% of total methane emissions -- come from the oil and gas production followed by livestock at 10%. In China, coal mining is the biggest methane driver, contributing 24% to total emissions.

    https://www.ctvnews.ca/climate-and-environment/scientists-say-this-invisible-gas-could-seal-our-fate-on-climate-change-1.5543003

    ¬ The levels of ambition in the Paris Agreement must be roughly tripled for the 2°C pathway and increased at least fivefold for the 1.5°C pathway.

    https://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/press-release/green-pandemic-recovery-essential-close-climate-action-gap-un-report

    https://www.unep.org/emissions-gap-report-2020

    ¬ Government pledges under the Paris Agreement, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), are still inadequate to meet the Paris targets.

    https://unfccc.int/news/climate-commitments-not-on-track-to-meet-paris-agreement-goals-as-ndc-synthesis-report-is-published

    https://unfccc.int/news/full-ndc-synthesis-report-some-progress-but-still-a-big-concern

    ¬ Carney Taskforce on Scaling Voluntary Carbon Markets calls for $100 billion a year carbon offset market.

    https://www.iif.com/Portals/1/Files/TSVCM_Report.pdf?_cldee=Y2ZAY2xpbWF0ZWhvbWVuZXdzLmNvbQ==&recipientid=contact-0a171530e312eb1180ec000d3a0ee828-ebe91636ad3144ad9f3c07dc18a5cafb&utm_source=ClickDimensions&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Press Emails&esid=f

    ¬ Measures to prioritise include direct support for zero-emissions technologies and infrastructure, reducing fossil fuel subsidies, no new coal plants, and promoting nature-based solutions – such as largescale landscape restoration and reforestation.

    https://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/press-release/green-pandemic-recovery-essential-close-climate-action-gap-un-report

    https://www.unep.org/emissions-gap-report-2020

    ¬ 126 countries covering 51% of global greenhouse gas emissions adopted, announced, or are considering Net Zero goals. With the US adopting a net-zero target by 2050, the share would increase to 63%.

    https://www.carbonbrief.org/unep-net-zero-pledges-provide-an-opening-to-close-growing-emissions-gap

    https://www.iea.org/reports/net-zero-by-2050

    https://ca1-eci.edcdn.com/reports/ECIU-Oxford_Taking_Stock.pdf?mtime=20210323005817&focal=none

    ¬ More countries need to develop long-term strategies consistent with the Paris Agreement, and new and updated NDCs need to become consistent with the NetZero emissions goals.

    https://unfccc.int/news/full-ndc-synthesis-report-some-progress-but-still-a-big-concern

    https://www.wri.org/climate/what-long-term-strategy

    ¬ The shipping and aviation industries, which account for 5% of global emissions, also require immediate action. If current trends continue, combined international emissions from shipping and aviation will likely consume between 60 and 220% of allowable CO2 emissions by 2050 under the 1.5°C scenario.

    https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/4/1966/htm

    https://www.unep.org/emissions-gap-report-2020

    ¬ Improvements in technology and operations can improve the fuel efficiency of transport if incentivised, but projected increases in demand mean this will not result in decarbonisation and absolute reductions of CO2. Both sectors (shipping & aviation) need to combine energy efficiency with a rapid transition away from fossil fuel. Additional policies are required to drive changes in technology, operations, fuel use and demand.

    ¬ Climate Risks manifest locally. There are differences in risk levels between countries and within countries. Climate Science confirms that further warming and risk increase can only be stopped by achieving zero net greenhouse gas emissions.

    https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability/our-insights/climate-risk-and-response-physical-hazards-and-socioeconomic-impacts

    ¬ Physical Risk from Climate Change is increasing across virtually all states and income groups, with the poorest dramatically more exposed.

    https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/business functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf

    ¬ The pace and scale of Corporate Risk Reduction will have to be considerably increased to manage rising levels of physical Climate risk. Adaptation will mean tough choices between hardening climate response systems or relocation.

    https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/business functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf

     

    NUMBERS – THE GOOD: THE BAD: THE UGLY

    ¬ 30% greater sea level rise, from melting of Antarctic Ice sheet

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/04/210430165912.htm

    ¬ 50% reduction in CO2 from 2005 US target for 2030 carbon reduction

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/04/22/fact-sheet-president-biden-sets-2030-greenhouse-gas-pollution-reduction-target-aimed-at-creating-good-paying-union-jobs-and-securing-u-s-leadership-on-clean-energy-technologies/

    ¬ 10 Years to get on track for Paris 1.5 starting now.

    https://unfccc.int/news/cut-global-emissions-by-76-percent-every-year-for-next-decade-to-meet-15degc-paris-target-un-report

    ¬ 55% EU Carbon Reduction by 2030

    https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal/delivering-european-green-deal_en

    https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2050_en

    ¬ 2060 China commits to Climate Neutral goal

    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2020/09/22/xi-jinping-china-will-achieve-carbon-neutrality-2060/

    https://chinadialogue.net/en/climate/researchers-unveil-roadmap-for-a-carbon-neutral-china-by-2060/

    https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/09/1073052

    ¬ 2035 Airbus targets zero carbon aircraft

    https://insideclimatenews.org/news/27102020/hydrogen-fueled-aircraft-clean-energy-emissions/

    ¬ $2 trillion in Biden Harris plan to make buildings zero carbon

    https://joebiden.com/clean-energy/

    ¬ 50% of global CO2 from 5 states – US, China, EU, Japan & Korea

    https://www.wri.org/insights/interactive-chart-shows-changes-worlds-top-10-emitters

    https://www.climatewatchdata.org/

    ¬ 30 gigawatt solar-wind farm in India - as big as Singapore.

    https://cleantechnica.com/2020/12/17/largest-renewable-energy-project-in-world-will-be-30-gigawatt-solar-wind-project-in-india/

    ¬ 70% drop in US Utility Battery Storage Costs 2015-2018

    https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=45596

    ¬ $116 million – new pledges to Climate Adaptation Fund for poorest

    https://sdg.iisd.org/news/adaptation-fund-raises-usd-116-million-in-new-pledges/

    https://www.adaptation-fund.org/adaptation-fund-raises-nearly-us-116-million-in-new-pledges-for-adaptation-action-in-most-vulnerable-countries/

    ¬ 7.2 metres – global sea level rise when Greenland icecap melts

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-20011-8

    https://www.carbonbrief.org/new-climate-models-suggest-faster-melting-of-the-greenland-ice-sheet

    ¬ 62% of greenhouse gases come from Fossil Fuel extraction and use

    https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions

    ¬ 140 years of accurate records exist for earth carbon measurement

    https://www.wri.org/insights/history-carbon-dioxide-emissions

    https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/the-decade-we-finally-woke-up-to-climate-change

    ¬ 2% per year increase projected for fossil fuel production 2021 onwards

    https://productiongap.org/2020report/

    ¬ 6% per year decrease in fossil fuel production to meet Paris 1.5

    https://productiongap.org/2020report/

    ¬ 1.1o  is where we already stand on the Paris 1.5 trajectory.

    https://www.ipcc.ch/report/sixth-assessment-report-working-group-i/

    https://enb.iisd.org/climate/IPCC/IPCC-54-WGI-14/summary

    ¬ $20 billion G20 post–pandemic subsidies to fossil fuel companies

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/jul/20/g20-states-subsidised-fossil-fuels-2015-coal-oil-gas-cliamte-crisis

    https://chinadialogue.net/en/climate/g20-stimulus-plans-favouring-fossil-fuels/

    https://www.climate-transparency.org/g20-climate-performance/the-climate-transparency-report-2020 - 1531904263713-04b62b8d-e708

    https://www.climate-transparency.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Climate-Transparency-Report-2020.pdf

    ¬ 2025 only electric and hydrogen cars to be sold in Norway

    https://elbil.no/english/norwegian-ev-policy/

    ¬ $7 trillion for climate investment from world’s top investor Blackrock

    https://www.blackrock.com/corporate/about-us/our-2020-sustainability-actions

    ¬ 3-6o OECD projected global temperature growth by end of century

    https://www.oecd.org/env/indicators-modelling-outlooks/oecdenvironmentaloutlookto2050theconsequencesofinaction-keyfactsandfigures.htm

    ¬ 415 ppm of CO2 in earth’s atmosphere in 2021, cf. 386 ppm in 2009

    http://www.sealevel.info/co2.html

    https://gml.noaa.gov/ccgg/trends/

    https://www.co2.earth/

    https://www.climate.gov/news-features/understanding-climate/climate-change-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide

    https://earthbound.report/2010/11/26/co2-concentrations-at-386-8ppm/

    ¬ 76% of greenhouse gases are CO2

    https://ourworldindata.org/greenhouse-gas-emissions

    2016 breakdown of global emissions - CO2 74.4%

    ¬ 24% of greenhouse gases are Methane, Nitrogen & Sulphur based

    https://ourworldindata.org/greenhouse-gas-emissions

    2016 breakdown of global emissions - Methane 17.3%, Nitrous oxide 6.2%, Sulphur based 2.1% - total 25.6

    200 Health Care Journals call for accelerated climate action

    https://www.bmj.com/content/374/bmj.n2177

    https://www.euronews.com/next/2021/09/06/more-than-200-medical-journals-call-for-emergency-action-on-catastrophic-climate-change

     

     

    CFT Annual Report 2019 - References

     

    Science reports

    https://library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=5789

    https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2018: Global Warming of 1.5 °C – An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty

    1 trillion euro /year needed in Climate response finance

    https://insideclimatenews.org/news/20140915/only-1-trillion-annual-investment-goal-puts-climate-solutions-within-reach

    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2019/02/25/french-experts-propose-trillion-euro-eu-climate-finance-pact/

    https://www.ceres.org/initiatives/clean-trillion

    https://www.pacte-climat.net/en/

     

    Page 4

    http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Global_Risks_Report_2019.pdf

    Polar ice melting

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMuz_21RLE8

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jun/07/oceans-demise-the-end-of-the-arctic-as-we-know-it

    https://news.mongabay.com/2019/07/arctic-in-free-fall-2019-sea-ice-volume-sinks-to-near-record-for-june/

    https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02653-x

    https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/the-shrinking-arctic-ice-protects-all-of-us-its-time-to-save-it/

    Greenland lost 11 billion tons of ice in a day july 2019

    https://www.cbsnews.com/news/11-billion-tons-of-ice-melted-greenland-just-one-day/

    https://www.arctictoday.com/greenland-just-lost-more-than-12-billion-tons-of-ice-in-a-single-day/

    https://thehill.com/opinion/energy-environment/456112-greenlands-ice-sheet-wasnt-expected-to-melt-like-this-until-2070

    Siberian forest fires, Aug 2019

    https://phys.org/news/2019-07-image-siberian-wildfires-orbit.html

    https://phys.org/news/2019-07-siberia-forest-potential-disaster-arctic.html

    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-49125391

    http://m.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2019/07/Siberian_wildfires

    Permafrost melting the size of Belgium, methane gas release

    https://www.france24.com/en/video/20190801-ecological-disaster-russia-battles-siberia-wildfires

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/apr/23/melting-permafrost-in-arctic-will-have-70tn-climate-impact-study

    https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/08/arctic-permafrost-is-thawing-it-could-speed-up-climate-change-feature/

    https://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_19_06_19_en.html?infocentre&artid=50310

    https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2018/01/11/thawing-permafrost-matters/

     

    Food Chain Risks

    http://www.fao.org/3/b-i6538e.pdf

    http://www.fao.org/resilience/resources/resources-detail/en/c/1180172/

    https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/02/1033331

    https://phys.org/news/2019-05-climate-affecting-global-food-productionunequally.html

    https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/nature-decline-unprecedented-report/

    https://www.ipcc.ch/2019/08/08/land-is-a-critical-resource_srccl/

     

    Migration and Climate Change

    https://cop23.com.fj/need-ongoing-monitoring-assessment-migration-needs-associated-climate-risks-climate-champions-speech-pacific-immigration-directors-conference/

    https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/infographic/2018/03/19/groundswell---preparing-for-internal-climate-migration

    https://news.un.org/en/

    https://www.iom.int/

    https://insideclimatenews.org/news/20112017/kiribati-climate-change-refugees-migration-pacific-islands-sea-level-rise-coconuts-tourism?utm_source=InsideClimate+News&utm_campaign=4372adb674-Weekly+Newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_29c928ffb5-4372adb674-327853725

     

    Paris Accord

    https://www.carbonbrief.org/interactive-the-paris-agreement-on-climate-change

    https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/the-paris-agreement/the-paris-agreement

    https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/english_paris_agreement.pdf

    Annual global "tolerable carbon emissions target surpassed after 3/4 year

    https://www.carbonbrief.org/analysis-how-much-carbon-budget-is-left-to-limit-global-warming-to-1-5c

    https://ourworldindata.org/co2-and-other-greenhouse-gas-emissions

    https://www.overshootday.org/

    https://report.ipcc.ch/sr15/pdf/sr15_spm_final.pdf

    https://www.visualcapitalist.com/all-the-worlds-carbon-emissions-in-one-chart/

    https://www.iea.org/geco/emissions/

     

    Page 6

    UNWTO - 5% total global emissions, aviation, cars, accommodation, others

    Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges”, UNEP and UNWTO, 2007

    http://sdt.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/climate2008.pdf

    http://sdt.unwto.org/content/faq-climate-change-and-tourism

    Predicted increase in growth in T&T

    http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/unwto_barometer_jan19_presentation_en.pdf

    http://www2.unwto.org/press-release/2019-09-09/international-tourism-4-first-half-2019-world-tourism-organization-reports

     

    Page 7

    Cities Coalitions

    https://www.c40.org/

    http://www.unesco.org/new/en/social-and-human-sciences/themes/fight-against-discrimination/coalition-of-cities/

    https://citiesofservice.org/

    https://urbantransitions.global/

    https://www.uclg.org/en

    https://www.climatealliance.org/home.html

     

    Business Coalitions

    https://www.wemeanbusinesscoalition.org/

    http://globalbusinesscoalition.org/gbc-overview/#

     

    UN Global Compact

    https://www.unglobalcompact.org/

     

    ICLEI Local Authorities

    https://iclei.org/

     

    Carbon neutral cities

    https://carbonneutralcities.org/https://www.unglobalcompact.org/

     

    We are still in coalition - US cities &States still committed to Paris Accord

    https://www.wearestillin.com/

    https://www.wearestillin.com/news/september-2019

    https://www.americaspledgeonclimate.com/

     

    ICLEI US - greenhouse Gas Protocol

    http://icleiusa.org/ghg-protocols/

     

    IETA

    https://www.ieta.org/

     

    WEF article on combination of measures on tax and incentives for carbon offset and trading

    https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/09/everything-you-need-to-know-about-carbon-trading/

     

    Page 8

    Carbon measurement systems

    http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/call_for_action_filipinas.pdf

    http://sdt.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/decladavose.pdf

    http://sdt.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/docuconfrontinge.pdf

     

    UNWTO

    World Tourism Organization (2019), International Tourism Highlights, 2019 Edition, UNWTO, Madrid, DOI: https://doi.org/10.18111/9789284421152

    http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/docpdf/folderfactsheetweb.pdf

    http://statistics.unwto.org/mstconference

     

    UNEP

    http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/WEBx0016xPA-TourismFootprint.pdf

    https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/27538/Frontiers1819.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

    https://www.unenvironment.org/

     

    WMO

    https://public.wmo.int/en

    https://www.bipm.org/ws/BIPM/WMO-BIPM/Allowed/Plenary_lectures/01.01-Zhang.pdf

    Australian Academics  Manfred Lenzen et al.;

    https://phys.org/news/2018-05-global-tourism-carbon-footprint-quantified.html

     

    Manfred Lenzen et al, The carbon footprint of global tourism, Nature Climate Change (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0141-x

    http://forestpolicypub.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/TourismCarbonFootprint_maintext.pdf

     

    CORSIA

    https://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=2629

    https://www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Documents/ICAO%20document%2009.pdf

    https://www.icsa-aviation.org/understanding-the-corsia-package/

     

    IMO

    http://www.imo.org/fr/Pages/Default.aspx

    https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/imo-agrees-to-co2-emissions-target

     

    ACI

    https://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=2610

    https://www.aci-europe.org/

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00963402.2019.1654255

    https://amadeus.com/documents/en/travel-industry/report/proving-the-case-carbon-reporting-in-travel-and-tourism.pdf

    https://www.carbonbrief.org/tourism-responsible-for-8-of-global-greenhouse-gas-emissions-study-finds

    major potential of hotels to stimulate local reponses w/in destination communities

    https://www.greenlodgingnews.com/accor-focuses-on-meaningful-essentials-with-launch-of-greet-its-new-community-based-responsible-brand/

     

    Page 9

    UNWTO and OECD common stat basis from existing tourism and environmental satellite accounts methodology from Canada,sweden & NZ

    http://cf.cdn.unwto.org/sites/all/files/factsheet_june2015.pdf

    http://statistics.unwto.org/sites/all/files/pdf/tsa_data.pdf

    http://www.oecd.org/cfe/tourism/tourism-statistics.htm

    http://media.unwto.org/press-release/2017-07-27/oecd-includes-unwto-list-development-assistance-organizations

     

    SDGs

    https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300

    https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals.html

    https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/

    https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgsummit

     

    WEF 4IR

    https://www.weforum.org/focus/fourth-industrial-revolution

    https://www.weforum.org/projects/fourth-industrial-revolution-and-environment-the-stanford-dialogues

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kpW9JcWxKq0&feature=youtu.be

    https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-what-it-means-and-how-to-respond/

     

    Transhuman code

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PL5WW3f45kHqiBy8uCEWuvaG7XWY9Rm3t-&v=wKMWH7FRsWo

    https://transhumancode.com/

     

    Page 12

    ATAG 2000 successful synthetic fuel flights

    https://www.atag.org/our-activities/sustainable-aviation-fuels.html

    https://aviationbenefits.org/media/166152/beginners-guide-to-saf_web.pdf

    https://simpleflying.com/sustainable-jet-fuel/

    https://www.icao.int/Meetings/A40/Documents/WP/wp_561_en.pdf

    https://icsa-aviation.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Sustainable-Alternative-Fuels-for-Aviation.pdf

    https://icsa-aviation.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/CAN-ICSA-Aviation-TD-submission.pdf

     

    Fossil fuel companies with 14% of their business in aviation and maritime energy

    https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/ipcc_wg3_ar5_chapter8.pdf

     

    huge potentials in energy efficiency & renewable energy for hotels, electric cars, boats, trains and buses, even short haul aircraft & hyperloops.

    https://www.greenlodgingnews.com/upscale-nepal-hotel-with-stunning-views-takes-sustainability-seriously/

    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1331677X.2017.1421994

    https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/tour-2018-7-en.pdf?expires=1569233576&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=475DBF28EF4687C9E4B41D6A96EA3D6D

     

    Hydrogen planes - moonshot fuel

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_HWG54WVpBA

    https://fuelcellsworks.com/news/zeroavia-emerges-develops-plane-that-travels-500-miles-using-hydrogen-fuel-cells/

    https://www.greenaironline.com/news.php?viewStory=2627

     

    Artificial intelligence and new battery storage systems provide massive opportunity as costs decrease and efficiency ramps up

    https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190513155656.htm

    .https://www.cnbc.com/2019/06/14/the-business-using-ai-to-change-how-we-think-about-energy-storage.html

    https://goexplorer.org/ai-improves-efficiency-of-renewable-energy-storage/

     

    Nature-based solutions offer enormous potential on a planetary scale.

    https://www.iucn.org/regions/europe/our-work/nature-based-solutions

    https://www.conservation.org/video/nature-now-video-with-greta-thunberg?utm_campaign=NatureNow&utm_medium=email&utm_source=FY20_NatureNow_2019Sep19_C_ND&s_src=Email&s_subsrc=FY20_NatureNow_2019Sep19_C_ND

     

    Page 18 & 19

    Relative papers on 2019 program SUNx available on website

    Contact

    Geoffrey Lipman, SUNx Co-founder

    info@thesunprogram.com

    +32495250789

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