SUNx Malta Climate Friendly Travel
Annual Report 2021

Published by SUNx Malta

This is the second annual Climate Friendly Travel Report”
Prepared by SUN Malta

SUNx Malta is an NGO created in 2019 by GGTI (Green Growth & Travelism Institute, Brussels) and Malta's Ministry for Tourism & Consumer Protection / Tourism Authority. It is a legacy for Maurice Strong, Climate and Sustainability trailblazer, half a century ago. Its 1st Annual Climate Friendly Travel (CFT) Ambition Report was launched on the sidelines of the September 2019 UN General Assembly and in conjunction with an inaugural Strong Climate Event. Its goal was to support the transformation to Tomorrow's Climate Economy by 2050.

Since then, it has become increasingly clear that the Climate Crisis is intensifying much faster than previously recognised and that the devastating floods, fires, hurricanes, and droughts of 2021 are a clear sign of the need for all human activity to be even more rapidly transformed to clean energy systems and resilience dramatically strengthened. A point underscored by the IPCC 6th Assessment Report issued in August 2021.

Travel & Tourism as a leading socio-economic driver will be at the forefront of the change and our concept of Climate Friendly Travel DASH-2-Zero can play an important role as a catalyst for rapid change and a conduit to the global UN led 2030/2050 Green and Clean Roadmap for Humanity. In developing DASH-2-ZERO, we have reflected:

  • Most recent science
  • Increasing weather disasters
  • Valid aspirations of youth advocates

  • We strongly believe this adds the "Precautionary Principle" to the Glasgow Tourism Climate Declaration - going further, faster - calling for Net Zero Carbon in 2030 and No Greenhouse Gases by 2050. We have also put in place support systems to help Tourism Stakeholders achieve climate resilience now and reduce emissions rapidly.

    SUNx Malta has also laid out its own Decade Vision, which targets 10,000 Registered Companies and 1000 Communities by 2030, as well as 100,000 Strong Climate Champions to support the transformation.

    This 2nd Report published in October 2021, identifies the challenges and opportunities contained in the intensifying SDG 2030 and Paris 2050 targets, against this DASH-2-Zero perspective.


    DASH-2-Zero Responding to Code Red

    SUNx Malta has today issued its second annual report on Climate Friendly Travel ahead of the Glasgow COP 26 Climate Summit. SUNx is an EU-based NGO established as a legacy for climate and sustainability trailblazer, Maurice Strong. The SUNx Report calls for a DASH-2-Zero supporting the recent Glasgow Tourism Declaration. Based on curated research data, the Report shows the intensifying of climate driven global disasters and how this impacts the vital Travel & Tourism sector of the world economy   The Report also:   1. Endorses the Glasgow Tourism Declaration and urges a DASH-2-Zero to take the commitments made further and faster suggesting targets of net zero carbon dioxide emissions for 2030 and zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050   2. Calls for climate resilience now for Travel & Tourism activities, as well as clear emission reduction and sustainability plans, based on the science, the weather & demands of youth   3. Identifies a range of support services available to help companies and communities stay on track for a climate friendly travel future   4. Offers its Climate Friendly Travel Registry linked to the UN Global Climate Action Portal to help tourism stakeholders register climate and sustainability ambitions and show…



    We are taking the high ground in support of science, focused on the next generation. Promoting Climate Friendly Travel-2-Zero - low carbon: SDG linked: Paris 1.5. But going further: faster. From Net Zero carbon 2030 to Zero GHG 2050. We call it our DASH-2-Zero initiative: Declare - Act - Support - Hope. We underpin this vision with concrete programs to help company and community change

    Climate Friendly Travel to Zero

    On World Environment Day, SUNx Malta announced its Climate Friendly Travel to Zero flagship initiative, aligned with the UN Race to Zero. Based on the latest science, a 2050 target of Zero Greenhouse Gas (GHG) is the minimum ultimately needed to beat the existential Climate Crisis. By advocating a Zero GHG 2050 target we take the direct line to the UN Paris 1.5 goal. Starting now.

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    Report References

    LIST of Reports/sources Consulted for 2021 CFT Annual Ambitions Report


    WMO – state of the global climate 2020

    UNEP - Emissions Gap Report

    Global Methane assessment

    Production Gap Report


    IPCC SR1.5°C

    IPCC 6th Assessement Report

    The Working Group I report Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. The Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) as well as additional materials and information

    Countries climate plans


    USA commitments

    European Union commitments

    China commitments

    G7 commitments


    NOAA Global Climate Report

    NASA Global Climate

    CO2 records

    GHG emissions data

    IEA -

    OECD -

    Carney Taskforce on scaling voluntary markets


    IMO IMO GHG Study 2020 Executive-Summary.pdf

    Aviation commitments


    Mckinsey Climate risk & response functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-full-report-vf.pdf functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf

    Antarctic melting

    G20 subsidies for Fossil fuels post pandemic - 1531904263713-04b62b8d-e708

    Norway EV  2025 policy

    KPMG - Beyond Covid- 19: Rise of Domestic travel and tourism in Australia

    ITF Transport Outlook 2021


    References for 2021 CFT Annual report statements

         Global Events

    ¬ US re-joins Paris Climate Agreement - Targets Net Carbon Zero 2050

    ¬ EU Green Deal for 55% CO2 Reduction by 2030  & Net GHG Zero 2050

    ¬ China commits to peak emissions by 2030, with Net Carbon Zero 2060

    ¬ G7 commits to Net Zero

    ¬ Dutch Government Court conviction for failing to deliver on Climate targets

    ¬ Rogue Climate Activist Directors elected to Exxon Board

    ¬ Carney Task Force calls for radically stronger financial Climate regulations

    ¬ IPCC Assessment Report 6 – UNSG says a Code Red for Humanity

    • The Working Group I report Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis is the first instalment of the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report (AR6), which will be completed in 2022.

    The Summary for Policymakers of the Working Group I contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) as well as additional materials and information are available at

    The report was based on input from 234 authors from 66 countries (31 coordinating authors, 167 lead authors, 36 review editors plus 517 contributing authors).


    ¬ July 2021 hottest month ever recorded in hottest year ever.

    NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration - Global Climate Report (NASA says 2019 july was slightly higher) But even more surprising due to La NIna global cooling event

    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Global Climate Report for July 2021, published online August 2021, retrieved on August 20, 2021 from

    ¬ Siberian wildfires bigger than all other global wildfires combined

    ¬ ICAO CORSIA Carbon Offset & Reduction for International Aviation initiated

    ¬ Airbus & Boeing commit to non fossil-fuel propulsion post 2030

    ¬ One World first airline alliance to go Net Carbon Zero 2050

    US Government & Airlines go for Net Zero Emissions 2050

    Climate research at a glance

    ¬ The planet warmed by 1.1°C since 1880. This is by far the highest rate of warming in the past 65 million years. In general, the land increased more, the oceans less, the arctic increased by more than 4°C.

    ¬ The year 2020 is tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, with wildfires, droughts, storms, and glacier melt intensifying.

    ¬ Despite a brief dip in CO2 emissions due to COVID-19, the world is still heading for a temperature rise in excess of 3°C this century – far beyond the Paris Agreement goals of limiting global warming to well below 2°C and pursuing 1.5°C.

    ¬ Methane, one of the most potent greenhouse gases is at its highest atmospheric level in 800,000 years

    ¬ In North America, a majority -- 14% of total methane emissions -- come from the oil and gas production followed by livestock at 10%. In China, coal mining is the biggest methane driver, contributing 24% to total emissions.

    ¬ The levels of ambition in the Paris Agreement must be roughly tripled for the 2°C pathway and increased at least fivefold for the 1.5°C pathway.

    ¬ Government pledges under the Paris Agreement, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), are still inadequate to meet the Paris targets.

    ¬ Carney Taskforce on Scaling Voluntary Carbon Markets calls for $100 billion a year carbon offset market. Emails&esid=f

    ¬ Measures to prioritise include direct support for zero-emissions technologies and infrastructure, reducing fossil fuel subsidies, no new coal plants, and promoting nature-based solutions – such as largescale landscape restoration and reforestation.

    ¬ 126 countries covering 51% of global greenhouse gas emissions adopted, announced, or are considering Net Zero goals. With the US adopting a net-zero target by 2050, the share would increase to 63%.

    ¬ More countries need to develop long-term strategies consistent with the Paris Agreement, and new and updated NDCs need to become consistent with the NetZero emissions goals.

    ¬ The shipping and aviation industries, which account for 5% of global emissions, also require immediate action. If current trends continue, combined international emissions from shipping and aviation will likely consume between 60 and 220% of allowable CO2 emissions by 2050 under the 1.5°C scenario.

    ¬ Improvements in technology and operations can improve the fuel efficiency of transport if incentivised, but projected increases in demand mean this will not result in decarbonisation and absolute reductions of CO2. Both sectors (shipping & aviation) need to combine energy efficiency with a rapid transition away from fossil fuel. Additional policies are required to drive changes in technology, operations, fuel use and demand.

    ¬ Climate Risks manifest locally. There are differences in risk levels between countries and within countries. Climate Science confirms that further warming and risk increase can only be stopped by achieving zero net greenhouse gas emissions.

    ¬ Physical Risk from Climate Change is increasing across virtually all states and income groups, with the poorest dramatically more exposed. functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf

    ¬ The pace and scale of Corporate Risk Reduction will have to be considerably increased to manage rising levels of physical Climate risk. Adaptation will mean tough choices between hardening climate response systems or relocation. functions/sustainability/our insights/climate risk and response physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts/mgi-climate-risk-and-response-executive-summary-vf.pdf



    ¬ 30% greater sea level rise, from melting of Antarctic Ice sheet

    ¬ 50% reduction in CO2 from 2005 US target for 2030 carbon reduction

    ¬ 10 Years to get on track for Paris 1.5 starting now.

    ¬ 55% EU Carbon Reduction by 2030

    ¬ 2060 China commits to Climate Neutral goal

    ¬ 2035 Airbus targets zero carbon aircraft

    ¬ $2 trillion in Biden Harris plan to make buildings zero carbon

    ¬ 50% of global CO2 from 5 states – US, China, EU, Japan & Korea

    ¬ 30 gigawatt solar-wind farm in India - as big as Singapore.

    ¬ 70% drop in US Utility Battery Storage Costs 2015-2018

    ¬ $116 million – new pledges to Climate Adaptation Fund for poorest

    ¬ 7.2 metres – global sea level rise when Greenland icecap melts

    ¬ 62% of greenhouse gases come from Fossil Fuel extraction and use

    ¬ 140 years of accurate records exist for earth carbon measurement

    ¬ 2% per year increase projected for fossil fuel production 2021 onwards

    ¬ 6% per year decrease in fossil fuel production to meet Paris 1.5

    ¬ 1.1o  is where we already stand on the Paris 1.5 trajectory.

    ¬ $20 billion G20 post–pandemic subsidies to fossil fuel companies - 1531904263713-04b62b8d-e708

    ¬ 2025 only electric and hydrogen cars to be sold in Norway

    ¬ $7 trillion for climate investment from world’s top investor Blackrock

    ¬ 3-6o OECD projected global temperature growth by end of century

    ¬ 415 ppm of CO2 in earth’s atmosphere in 2021, cf. 386 ppm in 2009

    ¬ 76% of greenhouse gases are CO2

    2016 breakdown of global emissions - CO2 74.4%

    ¬ 24% of greenhouse gases are Methane, Nitrogen & Sulphur based

    2016 breakdown of global emissions - Methane 17.3%, Nitrous oxide 6.2%, Sulphur based 2.1% - total 25.6

    200 Health Care Journals call for accelerated climate action



    CFT Annual Report 2019 - References


    Science reports

    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2018: Global Warming of 1.5 °C – An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty

    1 trillion euro /year needed in Climate response finance


    Page 4

    Polar ice melting

    Greenland lost 11 billion tons of ice in a day july 2019

    Siberian forest fires, Aug 2019

    Permafrost melting the size of Belgium, methane gas release


    Food Chain Risks


    Migration and Climate Change


    Paris Accord

    Annual global "tolerable carbon emissions target surpassed after 3/4 year


    Page 6

    UNWTO - 5% total global emissions, aviation, cars, accommodation, others

    Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges”, UNEP and UNWTO, 2007

    Predicted increase in growth in T&T


    Page 7

    Cities Coalitions


    Business Coalitions


    UN Global Compact


    ICLEI Local Authorities


    Carbon neutral cities


    We are still in coalition - US cities &States still committed to Paris Accord


    ICLEI US - greenhouse Gas Protocol




    WEF article on combination of measures on tax and incentives for carbon offset and trading


    Page 8

    Carbon measurement systems



    World Tourism Organization (2019), International Tourism Highlights, 2019 Edition, UNWTO, Madrid, DOI:





    Australian Academics  Manfred Lenzen et al.;


    Manfred Lenzen et al, The carbon footprint of global tourism, Nature Climate Change (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41558-018-0141-x







    major potential of hotels to stimulate local reponses w/in destination communities


    Page 9

    UNWTO and OECD common stat basis from existing tourism and environmental satellite accounts methodology from Canada,sweden & NZ




    WEF 4IR


    Transhuman code


    Page 12

    ATAG 2000 successful synthetic fuel flights


    Fossil fuel companies with 14% of their business in aviation and maritime energy


    huge potentials in energy efficiency & renewable energy for hotels, electric cars, boats, trains and buses, even short haul aircraft & hyperloops.


    Hydrogen planes - moonshot fuel


    Artificial intelligence and new battery storage systems provide massive opportunity as costs decrease and efficiency ramps up



    Nature-based solutions offer enormous potential on a planetary scale.


    Page 18 & 19

    Relative papers on 2019 program SUNx available on website


    Geoffrey Lipman, SUNx Co-founder